The overarching aim for English in the national curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment.
The national curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:
- read easily, fluently and with good understanding
- develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
- acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
- appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
- write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
- use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
- are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate.
We strive to produce children who are fully literate and articulate, and are prepared for the next phase of their education and later life. Through engaging lessons, we aim to foster a love of English and language and an enjoyment of learning. We challenge children of all abilities and in order to make good progress in all areas of the English National Curriculum. They are encouraged to have a growth mind-set and to develop the skills of perseverance and resilience. Through reading in particular, pupils are given a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually.
At St Mary’s we recognise that a love of reading impacts positively on pupils’ learning in all areas of the curriculum, and fosters a lifelong love of learning.
We use high quality, whole texts (‘core’ texts) that take into account the interests and particular needs of our children. We read aloud daily to children to give them access to language of greater richness and complexity than they would otherwise encounter. We give opportunities for children to read texts from a variety of genres, languages and contexts and recognise that these experiences are found in all areas of learning across the curriculum.
Although reading is used throughout the curriculum, it is directly taught in weekly or bi-weekly discrete sessions that last 15 – 30 minutes. Children are grouped according to individual need and this is assessed by their progression through benchmarked books are taught the full range of skills that they require to decode a range of texts as well as respond to the texts with insight.
How can parents help?
Parents have the ability to influence their child’s attitude to reading and ensuring they have a positive attitude to reading. Talking about books and sharing them together is an enjoyable and effective activity. Reading with your child can take many forms and doesn’t necessarily have to be limited to a particular genre, or even language. At KS1 we ask for your support in filling out a home/reading record that indicates you have heard your child read. In KS2, the children complete reading diaries which give them a chance to reflect on their understanding of what they have read.
St Mary’s Phonics Curriculum:
At St Mary’s, we follow the GES Simply Letters and Sounds Systematic Synthetic Phonics programme to teach Reception and KS1 early reading. The contents of the programme has been carefully selected from the original Letters and Sounds 2007 and the National Curriculum 2014 documents and follows the same progression.
The building blocks to learning to read and spell within GES Letters and Sounds Systematic Synthetic Phonics programme are phonemic awareness, knowledge of the 26 letters of the alphabet, alphabetic code, the skills of blending and segmenting, reading and spelling high frequency words and ‘tricky’ words, with automaticity in word recognition being the end goal. Additionally, children will master the skills of segmenting to spell words and apply their phonic knowledge to make phonemically plausible attempts to spellings in their written work.
In Reception, children learn Phases Two, Three and Four. When pupils enter Year 1, they learn and master Phase Five. Year 1 pupils’ prior knowledge of Phases Two to Four is built upon in Year 1. Repetition and revision are built into the programme and when children move into Year 2 they revise key learning from Phases 2-5.
Teaching sequence for Phases 2-5:
Share learning objectives and success criteria.
Revisit and review
Revise previous days learning. Practice blending skills to read words and segmenting skills to spell words.
Deliver new learning. Teach blending for reading and/or segmenting for spelling.
Pupils use blending skills to read words with the newly taught graphemes. Pupils use segmenting skills to spell words with the newly taught graphemes.
Provide pupils with opportunities to apply their knowledge and skills through reading captions and/ or sentences.
Dictate captions and /or sentences for pupils to apply their knowledge of phonics and segmenting skills.
Assess against criteria for the session. A follow-up may need to be planned.
We believe that language is a powerful tool for learning and social development. We are committed to developing pupils’ competence in their understanding and expression of spoken and written language through careful planning, teaching and assessment.
We understand that writing is a complicated process involving the skilful orchestration of transcriptional skills (handwriting, spelling) and compositional ones (structure, grammar, vocabulary, understanding of audience). We teach the compositional aspects of writing within the context each particular genre and the transcriptional aspects in discrete, 15 – 30 minutes sessions. As far as possible, we separate out the skills involved in each genre of writing so that they are practiced individually before being co-ordinated in a final, extended piece of work.
All year groups have the opportunity write in an extended way once a week. In addition to this, they have a cross-curricular ‘Topic Writing’ session on a weekly basis too. The writing produced is marked with next steps to help each child improve their work. Although we have specific sessions devoted to writing at length, we recognise that writing occurs every day in almost all areas of the curriculum and as such, is the key to children’s ongoing practice, understanding and application of all skills, and not just those involved specifically in English.
Our planning provides a range of scaffolds to support success. These scaffolds include; talk for writing, drama and role play, writing for a range of purposes and audiences, explicit grammar teaching, exposure to high quality texts, visual and language scaffolds alongside the systematic teaching of spelling and handwriting.
How can parents help?
Parents can support children’s writing by encouraging them to write for a range of purposes and audiences at home. For example;
- Shopping lists/ to do lists
- Story writing
- Captions and labels
This can be in English or in their home language. Furthermore, parents can encourage their children’s writing achievements through supporting the homework, handwriting and spelling that have been set for them.
We recognise that spelling is an important skill and, for children to become confident, fluent writers, they must have a secure grasp of the building blocks of spelling: phonology (the sounds in words), morphology (how words are built) and etymology (where words come from).
In EYFS and KS1, children learn to spell through the discrete teaching of daily phonics in 15 – 30 minute sessions. We use ‘Letters and Sounds’ – a progressive synthetic phonics programme which teaches the children each of the 44 phonemes/sounds. What is learnt during these discrete sessions is applied through the day in speaking, reading and writing, in a language rich curriculum.
As children become more proficient writers, they move from differentiated daily phonics to weekly whole class spelling lessons. This whole class teaching focuses on the spellings and related rules listed in Appendix 1 of the National Curriculum for English. Teaching is focused on identifying root words, prefixes and suffixes, the rules associated with these, why some words are spelt unusually and the identification of exception words.
How can parents help?
Talking about the words, letters and sounds that you see and hear around house and when you are out and about will support your child’s learning in phonics. Singing nursery rhymes and reading poems will improve their ability to distinguish between sounds. When children are learning about word roots, prefixes and suffixes, collecting words from the environment (in their own reading or when they are out and about) and identifying patterns in them will support your child’s understanding of how words are built. It is always interesting to work out which language words originate from and if you speak more than one language, you will find that it is a rich resource to draw from.